Accordion Menu

JavaScript

Change a basic vertical Menu into a expandable accordion menu with the Accordion Menu plugin.

Basics

Accordion menus follow the basic Menu syntax of <ul>, <li>, and <a>. To convert a basic menu into an accordion, add the attribute data-accordion-menu. You probably also want it to be vertical, so add the class .vertical as well.

Any <a> will behave like a standard link. However, any <a> paired with a nested <ul> menu will then slide that sub-menu up and down when clicked on.

Watch this part in video

You can use the built-in .nested class to add an indent to a nested menu.

To have a sub-menu already open when the page loads, add the class .is-active to that sub-menu.

edit on codepen button
<ul class="vertical menu accordion-menu" data-accordion-menu>
  <li>
    <a href="#">Item 1</a>
    <ul class="menu vertical nested">
      <li><a href="#">Item 1A</a></li>
      <li><a href="#">Item 1B</a></li>
    </ul>
  </li>
  <li><a href="#">Item 2</a></li>
</ul>


Accordion menus can have a seperate submenu toggle. This allows the parent item to have its own link, but still allows the submenu to be opened/closed. You need to add the class accordion-menu as well as the data attribute data-submenu-toggle="true" for this to work correctly.

<ul class="vertical menu accordion-menu" data-accordion-menu data-submenu-toggle="true">
  <li>
    <a href="http://foundation.zurb.com/">Zurb Foundation</a>
    <ul class="menu vertical nested">
      <li>
        <a href="#">Item 1A</a>
        <ul class="menu vertical nested">
          <li><a href="#">Item 1Ai</a></li>
          <li><a href="#">Item 1Aii</a></li>
          <li><a href="#">Item 1Aiii</a></li>
        </ul>
      </li>
      <li><a href="#">Item 1B</a></li>
      <li><a href="#">Item 1C</a></li>
    </ul>
  </li>
  <li>
    <a href="#">Item 2</a>
    <ul class="menu vertical nested">
      <li><a href="#">Item 2A</a></li>
      <li><a href="#">Item 2B</a></li>
    </ul>
  </li>
  <li><a href="#">Item 3</a></li>
</ul>

Sass Reference

Variables

The default styles of this component can be customized using these Sass variables in your project's settings file.

NameTypeDefault ValueDescription
$accordionmenu-padding Number $global-menu-padding

Sets accordion menu padding.

$accordionmenu-nested-margin Number $global-menu-nested-margin

Sets accordion menu nested margin

$accordionmenu-submenu-padding Number $accordionmenu-padding

Sets accordion menu submenu padding.

$accordionmenu-arrows Boolean true

Sets if accordion menus have the default arrow styles.

$accordionmenu-arrow-color Color $primary-color

Sets accordion menu arrow color if arrow is used.

$accordionmenu-item-background Color null

Sets accordion menu item padding.

$accordionmenu-border Color null

Sets accordion menu item border.

$accordionmenu-submenu-toggle-background Color null

Sets accordion menu item padding.

$accordion-submenu-toggle-border List $accordionmenu-border

Sets accordion menu item padding.

$accordionmenu-submenu-toggle-width Number 40px

Sets accordion menu submenu toggle background width.

$accordionmenu-submenu-toggle-height Number $accordionmenu-submenu-toggle-width

Sets accordion menu submenu toggle background height.

$accordionmenu-arrow-size Length 6px

Sets accordion menu arrow size if arrow is used.


JavaScript Reference

Initializing

The file foundation.accordionMenu.js must be included in your JavaScript to use this plugin, along with foundation.core.js. This plugin also requires these utility libraries:

  • foundation.util.keyboard.js
  • foundation.util.nest.js

Foundation.AccordionMenu

Creates a new instance of an accordion menu.

var elem = new Foundation.AccordionMenu(element, options);

Fires these events: AccordionMenu#event:init

NameTypeDescription
element jQuery jQuery object to make into an accordion menu.
options Object Overrides to the default plugin settings.

Plugin Options

Use these options to customize an instance of Accordion Menu. Plugin options can be set as individual data attributes, one combined data-options attribute, or as an object passed to the plugin's constructor. Learn more about how JavaScript plugins are initialized.

Name Type Default Description
data-slide-speed number 250 Amount of time to animate the opening of a submenu in ms.
data-submenu-toggle Adds a separate submenu toggle button. This allows the parent item to have a link.
data-submenu-toggle-text The text used for the submenu toggle if enabled. This is used for screen readers only.
data-multi-open boolean true Allow the menu to have multiple open panes.

Events

These events will fire from any element with a Accordion Menu plugin attached.

NameDescription
down.zf.accordionMenu Fires when the menu is done opening.
up.zf.accordionMenu Fires when the menu is done collapsing up.

Methods

hideAll

$('#element').foundation('hideAll');

Closes all panes of the menu.


showAll

$('#element').foundation('showAll');

Opens all panes of the menu.


toggle

$('#element').foundation('toggle', $target);

Toggles the open/close state of a submenu.

NameTypeDescription
$target jQuery the submenu to toggle

down

$('#element').foundation('down', $target);

Opens the sub-menu defined by $target.

Fires these events: AccordionMenu#event:down

NameTypeDescription
$target jQuery Sub-menu to open.

up

$('#element').foundation('up', $target);

Closes the sub-menu defined by $target. All sub-menus inside the target will be closed as well.

Fires these events: AccordionMenu#event:up

NameTypeDescription
$target jQuery Sub-menu to close.

_destroy

$('#element').foundation('_destroy');

Destroys an instance of accordion menu.

Fires these events: AccordionMenu#event:destroyed